首页:权威科普|中超重开如何避裁判争议 看完它全懂了



   In this double festival, there is no disturbance or even news in the Super League. After the calm, a more tragic fight is about to come.


   On October 16th, the Chinese Super League will reignite wars. Suzhou will usher in a championship matchup and Dalian will stage a relegation matchup.


   The second stage of the game will be the first time in the history of the Super League that the ranking will be determined by a knockout system. With a little carelessness, one game may lead to a year's hard work being lost.


   Under this cruel game system, all teams are praying for one event: that is a fair and just punishment.


   Judging from the controversy in the first stage, if there is another refereeing disturbance in the second stage, it will inevitably trigger a stronger reaction from the teams.


   Therefore, in the upcoming Chinese Super League, the referee's enforcement work is destined to become the top priority of the outside world.


   Then, how to minimize disputes and penalties?


   The referee expert who was once in charge of the refereeing department of the Chinese Super League, the former international referee and the current North American and Caribbean Football Federation referee supervisor Liu Hu believes that the uniformity and consistency of the International Football Council's "Football Competition Rules" must be strictly enforced.

曾经担任中超联赛裁判部,前国际裁判,现任北美和加勒比足球联合会裁判主管的裁判专家刘虎认为,国际足联《足球比赛规则》的统一性和一致性。 ”必须严格执行。

   means that no matter what level of competition or what level of referees, they must adhere to the unity of law enforcement standards. This is the most important thing.


   For this reason, Liu Hu specifically explained some controversial penalties and how they should be blown.






   Although in accordance with regulations, the Chinese Football Association will not accept any "appeals about referees", the clubs still insist on expressing their dissatisfaction in this way.


   In a football match, it is normal for the two sides to have different views on the referee's enforcement. After all, both sides stand in their respective interests.


   Here, we do not want to talk about the controversy and punishment that has already appeared again, who will suffer more. But I hope that the following typical disputes and penalties will not reappear in the second stage.


   1. In the second round, Jiangsu Suning 0-0 Shandong Luneng, Luneng player Kadar accidentally stepped on Wu Xi's calf and was directly sent off by showing a red card, but there have been no red cards for similar actions since then.


   Kadar stepped on Wu Xi and was sent off by a red card


   2, Jiangsu Suning 2-1 Dalianers in the third round: Dalian player Longdong was elbowed by Suning player Miranda in the penalty area, and the referee did not award a penalty kick. In the second half, Suning player Santini was sentenced to a penalty kick after being violated by a similar action by Dalian player Wang Yaopeng. The Dalian native appealed after the game.


  Wang Yaopeng was sentenced to a penalty for a foul on Santini in the penalty area

Wang Yaopeng因在禁区内对Santini犯规而被判处罚款

   3, 4th round Shanghai Shenhua 2-2 Dalian Ren: Before the end of the game, Shenhua player Qian Jie gave a penalty kick for knocking down Dalian Ren Longdong. The referee called the penalty kick and did not watch VAR. Shenhua appealed this sentence.


   Qian Jie knocked down Long Dong and sentenced to penalty kick


  4. Fourth round Tianjin TEDA 1-3 Beijing Zhonghe Guoan: TEDA player Achim Peng was pulled down by Guoan goalkeeper Guo Quanbo in the penalty area.


   Guo Quanbo pulls down Achim Peng and the referee awards a corner kick

郭全波推倒阿希姆·彭(Achim Peng),裁判授予角球

   5, 5th round Jiangsu Suning 0-1 Shanghai Shenhua: Shenhua player Peng Xinli tripped in the penalty area and was not awarded a penalty; Shenhua player Yu Hanchao was brought down in the penalty area by a Suning player in a counterattack, and a penalty kick was not awarded. Shenhua appealed the two sentences.


   Peng Xinli fell in the penalty area, the referee said there was no penalty


   fell to the ground in the restricted area of ​​the Han Super League, the referee did not make a penalty


6. Shanghai SIPG 2-1 Beijing Zhonghe Guoan in the 6th round: Guoan player Wang Gang was tackled by SIPG player Chen Binbin on the penalty zone line. Referee Maning was reminded by VAR after penalty kick, watch slow motion replay The sentence was changed and it was deemed that it was not a penalty but a free kick on the penalty area line.

6.第六轮上海SIPG 2-1北京中和国安:国安球员王刚在禁区线上被SIPG球员Chen Binbin铲断。罚点球后VAR提醒裁判员Maning,观看慢动作回放句子被更改,认为这不是罚球而是罚球线上的任意球。



7. In the 9th round, Tianjin Teda 1-2 Chongqing Modern: TEDA player Bastians took a penalty kick and was saved by Chongqing goalkeeper Deng Xiaofei. The slow motion showed Deng Xiaofei moved ahead of the opponent's free throw, but the referee did not allow a heavy penalty Penalty kick.


   Deng Xiaofei moved ahead to save a penalty kick


8. In the 11th round, Beijing Zhonghe Guoan 3-3 Hebei Huaxia Fortune: Guoan player Wang Ziming assisted Bakanbu to score, but was sentenced to offside. At that time, the video playback did not indicate a line; Guoan player Guo Quanbo knocked down at the end of the game Chinese player Malkang, after watching VAR, awarded a penalty kick. Guoan expressed an appeal after the game.


   Bakambu broke the goal and the referee ordered offside but did not draw


   Guo Quanbo collided with Maer Kang Guoan sentenced to penalty kick


9. In the 13th round, Shanghai SIPG 1-0 Beijing Zhonghe Guoan: Guoan player Vieira was tripped by SIPG player Mu Yi in the penalty area. The referee Zhang Lei watched the slow motion replay after VAR reminded him, but nothing A penalty kick is awarded. At the same time in this game, SIPG player He used to touch the ball with his arm in the penalty area and did not award a penalty.

9.在第13轮中,上海SIPG 1-0北京中和国安队:国安选手Vieira在禁区内被SIPG选手穆毅绊倒。 VAR提醒他后,裁判员Zhang Lei观看了慢动作录像,但没有判罚点球。在这场比赛的同时,SIPG球员He经常用手臂在罚球区触球,却没有判罚。

   Vieira fell to the ground in the penalty area


   The ball hit He used his arm in the first half, the referee did not look back at VAR


10. In the 13th round, Jiangsu Suning 1-0 Guangzhou Evergrande: In the game, Evergrande player Mei Fang shoveled Suning player Teixeira and Vakaso in the penalty area when they were double-teamed by Evergrande players, and they were not penalized. Penalty kick. In the second half, Evergrande player Fernando was tackled by Suning Wakaso, and the referee did not call a foul. Subsequently, Suning player Ji Xiang was overthrown by Evergrande player Deng Hanwen. After the referee showed Deng Hanwen a yellow card, it caused a conflict between the players of both sides. Evergrande expressed an appeal after the game.

10.在第13轮中,江苏苏宁1-0广州恒大:在比赛中,恒大队员梅芳在恒大队员双补队时在罚球区将苏宁球员Teixeira和Vakaso铲除,他们没有受到处罚。罚球。下半场,恒大球员费尔南多被苏宁·瓦卡索(Suing Wakaso)铲球,裁判没有犯规。随后,苏宁选手季翔被恒大选手邓汉文推翻。裁判向邓汉文出示黄牌后,引起了双方球员之间的冲突。比赛结束后,恒大提出上诉。

   Teixeira was brought down by Mei Fang near the penalty area

Teixeira在禁区附近被Mei Fang击倒

   Referee disputes and penalties trigger conflicts between Evergrande and Suning


   The controversial penalties in the above 10 games can be said to be the epitome of the refereeing storm in the first stage of the Chinese Super League.


   Many similar situations have appeared in other competitions. Therefore, whether it is the participating clubs, industry insiders, or the media and fans watching the game, they all hope that they will not reappear in the second stage of the game, or reduce their appearance.


   Otherwise, once the penalties are imposed, the club’s high investment in relegation or a championship will be lost; it may even lead to a key relegation, causing huge losses to investors, and it is likely to cause an unimaginable outbreak.




   Referee expert Liu Hu




   Although these interpretations did not comment on the controversial penalties that appeared in the Super League, it can be found from these interpretations which penalties are correct, which are wrong or missed.




Liu Hu explained: The VAR offside marking technology currently used in the Super League is provided by Hawkeye. Its image is separate from that of the broadcaster. This technology is used in FIFA, UEFA and Spain matches. use.


This line will only provide a reference to the referee team when the referee has made a clear misjudgment (judgment of a goal); if there is no clear and clear violation of the offside rules, in accordance with the spirit of the International Football Council rules, benefits should be given The offensive side to encourage the offense.


   From this explanation by Liu Hu, we can see that the key point is the second half of the sentence.


   In fact, some VAR penalties for offside appearing in the Super League now are almost always played back frame by frame to see if they are offside, so they are considered to be jokingly called "body offside."


   In this case, does the use of VAR deviate from the original intention and principle of helping the game go smoothly?




   Liu Hu explained: FIFA has always emphasized the need to respect the laws of football. When scrambling for the ball, especially in the penalty area, if the player's purpose is to attempt to scramble for the ball, reasonable physical contact is allowed. It is part of football.


   But in the scramble for the ball, the player used an unreasonable foul action. Even if the action was not intentional by the supervisor, such unfair scramble should still be punished.


   From this explanation by Liu Hu, we can recall some of the penalties in the first stage of the Chinese Super League.


   Such as the contact between Shenhua player Qian Jiezi and Dalian player Long Dong; such as the collision between Guoan goalkeeper Guo Quanbo and China Fortune striker Maer Kang.


  Whether these actions should belong to reasonable physical contact, rash fouls, and whether they are subjective and intentional are all difficult problems encountered by referees in law enforcement.




   Liu Hu explained: This rule stipulates that four conditions must be considered.


   1. The distance between the foul place and the goal; 2. The direction of the foul place and the goal; 3. The possibility of offensive players controlling the ball; 4. The position and number of defensive players.

1.犯规位置与球门之间的距离; 2.犯规地点的方向和目标; 3.进攻球员控制球的可能性; 4.防守队员的位置和人数。

   Among the above four conditions, as long as one of the conditions does not meet the specific requirements, then it cannot be regarded as destroying an obvious scoring opportunity.


FIFA changed the triple penalty (red card/penalty/suspended) in 2016. The main spirit is: if a player fouls for the purpose of fighting for the ball and destroys the opponent’s obvious scoring opportunity, a penalty kick will be awarded. Add a yellow card.


   But if it is an intentional handball; or a foul committed by a hand such as pulling/pulling/pushing, the purpose is not an attempt to grab the ball, a red card is still given and a penalty kick is awarded. If the above situation occurs outside the penalty area, a free kick plus a red card will be awarded.


   Liu Hu's explanation is very detailed on "determining to destroy the opponent's obvious scoring opportunity". This also provides comparative conditions for similar situations that may appear next.




   Liu Hu explained: During the game, the offensive team violated the rules in the offensive development stage, and eventually formed a goal. VAR should intervene; if the offensive team is determined to violate the rules, the goal will be cancelled.

刘虎解释:在比赛中,进攻队在进攻发展阶段违反了规则,最终形成了进球。 VAR应该介入;如果确定进攻团队违反规则,则目标将被取消。

   "Football Competition Rules" stipulates that it is not allowed to change the way the game resumes after the game has resumed, including corner kicks and out-of-bounds kicks (


   The consistency of the implementation of the "Rules of Football Competition" of the International Football Council and the VAR operation manual and the uniformity of the penalty scale are very important for fair competition at all levels.


   Especially in the use of VAR, it is necessary to truly understand the meaning of "clear and obvious wrong or omission". Controversial is not "clear and obvious".


  Especially when judging a foul action, slow playback is just to check the touch point of the action. Whether the overall action is foul, you should check it at a normal speed to determine the speed, strength of the action, and the harm to the opponent's body.


   We must respect the laws of football and make the final correct penalty. The principle of "minimal intervention, maximum benefit" must be followed to ensure the smoothness and viewing of football matches.


In this explanation, “clear and obvious wrong and missed judgments” is the key word, and in many of the current penalties, the intervention of VAR is not “clear and obvious wrong and missed judgments”, so this also caused the net game time of the Super League to be much lower than The main reason for other high-level leagues.


   At the same time, for Chinese referees, they rely too much on VAR, no matter what the situation is, they must check VAR, which will also seriously affect their own business capabilities.




   Liu Hu explained: In the game, when the opponent executed a penalty kick, before the ball was kicked out, the goalkeeper clearly moved away from the goal line and prevented the goal from scoring. The assistant referee on the goal line should raise the flag to indicate to the referee that the penalty kick should be severely penalized.


   What is a "very obvious" movement? We usually mean a move that is one big step or more.


  If the referee does not make any penalty for this foul, then VAR should step in to correct the referee's obvious mistake.


   For this rule, there is actually no need to explain too much, but a similar error in the Super League is indeed a bit difficult to understand.




Xu Yunlong




   But in the refereeing disturbances that occurred in the first stage of the Chinese Super League, there was a question that could not be avoided: Are these controversial penalties due to the poor professional level of the local referees, or other reasons?


   Not long ago, Xu Yunlong, the former captain of the Guoan team, pointed the finger at the referee when he participated in Beijing TV’s "Soccer 100 Points".


   In Xu Yunlong's view: The problem with the referees in the Super League is not a problem of professional level. At least Zhang Lei's professional level is not bad. It may be that he has found something beyond his professional level.


   Xu Yunlong even pointed out directly that the referee clearly knew that the current chairman of the Football Association used to be the chairman of SIPG. If he wanted to deliberately favor the Shanghai SIPG team, he was deliberately "pitting" Chen Xuyuan.


   As a former international, Xu Yunlong, who has played for a lifetime, is definitely not a football layman. This time he dared to say so publicly, and to a certain extent, he also opened a new cover.


  Chen Xuyuan, Chairman of the Football Association (left)


   Part of the refereeing problems in the Super League can be attributed to the business category, but the other part may be other unspeakable reasons.


If it is a simple "official whistle", it may be easy to understand, but if it is really as Xu Yunlong said, the referee seems to be "partial" in the penalty of SIPG, in fact, it is not an instruction from the top of the Football Association, or no one has hinted at it. We must "take care" of the SIPG team.

如果是简单的“官方口哨”,可能很容易理解,但如果确实如许云龙所说,裁判员似乎是SIPG处罚中的“部分”,实际上,这并不是来自足球协会的高层,或者没有人暗示过。我们必须“照顾” SIPG团队。

   The result is that it has created a false impression to the outside world that "the Football Association wants to win the championship in Hong Kong". What is the intention is very confusing.


   In any case, the refereeing problem that occurred in the first stage of the Chinese Super League has attracted the attention of the Football Association, clubs, fans, the media and even many related departments, and the problem has been exposed.


   It may not be a bad thing to find the lesion.


  The key is how to perform surgery.


   The next step is not whether it can be solved, but the problem that I want to solve.


   (Occupy North)